SCIENCE EDUCATION IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANTHROPOLOGY
-Dr. Alok Chantia
Lecturer,Dept. of Anthropology
Culture is also a kind of education, but it is degenerating nowadays because an individual cannot survive on earth or earn livelihood under the carrying capacity and limit of culture. Because of this factor acculturation ,modernization, sanskritization, human right and globalization came into light to retain the original content of culture along with smooth survival. This philosophy can be visualized with regard to science education . India is a hugely populated country .It is hypothetical to imagine that science education can provide bread and butter to all. Science education is knowledge based instead of job oriented .that is why these days’ students are shying away from science education. Students are not very much interested in science education due to unchanged course content and its abstractness. A student does not find any correlation between science education and job requirement. That is why quality of students is declining in science education day by day. Anthropology as a subject studies man in totality. Here totality denotes archeological, physical and social anthropology. But these sub branches do not provide any good future to the students. In U.P. number of students are decreasing day by day in anthropology in universities and degree colleges. So it is very important to discuss how Anthropology as a science discipline can maintain its relevance and significance. It is well documented and analysed that anthropology is not merely associated with academic anthropology. Many applied and action oriented branches of anthropology can make a better platform for students. For example business anthropology, family, marriage management as MBA subject ,use of ethno medicine in ayurveda, forensic anthropology, biochemical anthropology, sociology, dermatoglyphic with astrology, human origin, evolution may be better option for students in different types of jobs. Today we are facing an era of globalization, privatization liberalization. Research methodology with anthropological approach may be a boon for marketing of services. BPO and multi national can appoint anthropologist as production promoters as general motors, Xerox etc. international companies got benefited by it, but all this can materialize if course content of anthropology is modified.
Today is the time of marketing, even of subjects, how to popularize a subject and create an interest with space and pace for job. How anthropology can prove its relevance today in the era of globalization? Which type of change is required in anthropology to generate interest amongst youth? How this subject can be studied in totality i.e. as a good source of fulfilling basic requirements of life like food, cloth, protection? How this subject can be managed to fulfill the requirements of present day jobs in BPO and how it can produce good managers etc.? Whether all this requires marketing of this subject in any way? How anthropology can be very useful subject of science in the process of modernization? All these points will be discussed in detail in present paper.